Labor Studies

Constraints of Women in Accessing Jobs

The World Bank commissioned the project. The World Bank aims to support the government by designing a National Jobs Creation Program. Since women are one of the main beneficiaries of the program, the World Bank was interested in conducting a quick diagnostic which would identify the main employment constraints that they face in accessing jobs or becoming active. However to understand the challenges and constraints that women face, it is crucial that the perspective of men also be taken into account. Employers are also crucial to this exercise as they will provide insight on their hiring practices, internal company policy, and good practices which can be implemented at other companies. The diagnostic entailed a qualitative research segment comprised of 32 focus groups and 10 in-depth interviews. The focus groups were conducted all over Lebanon with employed, unemployed, and inactive females and employed males. The study findings provided the World bank with the framework required to design the program.

 

Vocational Training Program for Youth in Lebanon

InfoPro conducted a study commissioned by AVSI / UNICEF.  AVSI / UNICEF are working with local partners to better the livelihoods of Syrian and host community youth, females, and disabled individuals. The aim is to provide them with life skills and vocational skills that will enable them to develop their abilities, build their knowledge, and improve their living conditions by finding employment opportunities that match their abilities. The program also aims to build the capacity of five vocational centers and to specifically identify the measures to consider in order to adapt the curriculum of the five vocational centers involved in the AVSI program to the needs of the private sector. InfoPro’s mandate was to identify the sub-sectors with the highest capacity for employment and entrepreneurship taking into account the skill set of the project beneficiaries and the need for the inclusion of youth, females, and individuals with disabilities. InfoPro identified the priority sub-sectors by assessing their performance across a set of eight criteria. Once the sectors were identified, InfoPro conducted a total of 450 in-depth interviews with formal and informal businesses – with a micro to small scale of operation. The interviews assessed the problems that businesses are facing with regards to recruitment, the vacancies which they currently have, the most prominent positions that they are having a problem recruiting for, the skills and experience that they require, whether on the job training is conducted or they resort to out sourcing for their training needs among other issues. Interviews were conducted in areas were the program will be implemented; Administrative Beirut, Jbeil, Saida, Tripoli, and Zahle. This allowed InfoPro to identify the sectors with potential employment opportunities for youth, females, and disabled individuals. It also identified the skill set requirements needed to meet the demand of the labor market which eventually assisted InfoPro in recommending the specializations that the vocational centers should adopt.

 

Workforce Gap Analysis

CHF Lebanon was implementing a new Caterpillar Foundation funded program called MENA Youth Empowerment Strategy (YES) in Lebanon. The program addressed youth unemployment among 15 to 29 year olds, specifically in urban areas. CHF was planning to expand the program to all of Greater Beirut, in addition to Saida and Mount Lebanon. To help CHF plan for the expansion of its program activities, InfoPro conducted the study. The objective of the survey was to assess the labor market in Lebanon in general and across a select number of sub-sectors. This was carried out by assessing whether there is a mismatch between supply and demand. The survey assessed the supply available and its specifications across various sub-sectors, and compared that to demand, whether in the formal or the informal sector. The study also assessed the challenges that youths are facing in gaining employment and what can be done to better prepare them for the labor market. The role that can be played by technical and vocational training institutes was considered, along with available entrepreneurship opportunities. In order to reach the above objectives a multi-faceted methodology which included desk research, focus groups with youths, a survey with a sample of private sector companies, in-depth interviews with recruitment agencies, technical and vocational institutes, and economic experts was carried out. InfoPro also conducted a SWOT analysis of all sub-sectors under study and proposed a medium to long term course of action to be followed by CHF.

 

The Effect of Foreign Labor and Minimum Wage on the Labor Market

The study was conducted by InfoPro and its aim was to list all the factors that come into play when considering foreign workers and minimum wage in Lebanon. InfoPro utilized a two pronged methodology which relied on in-depth interviews with companies and in-depth interviews with economic and labor experts. The in-depth interviews with companies helped InfoPro collect information on the salaries given by employers to their employees, in addition to benefits and allowances provided. InfoPro was also able to identify variations in salaries of foreign vs. local labor across skill set. InfoPro also assessed the opinion of company owners to an increase in the minimum wage and its impact on their businesses. While the in-depth interviews with economic and labor experts helped InfoPro evaluate the influence of foreign labor and minimum wage on the economy as a whole and provide broad headlines which assisted InfoPro in its analysis. The study consisted of 350 in-depth interviews with company owners across all sectors, in addition to dozens of in-depth interviews with economic and labor experts.